The Bhagavad Gita Sholkas is a sacred text of Hinduism and is considered to be one of the most important scriptures in the world. It contains the teachings of Lord Krishna to Arjuna on the battlefield of Kurukshetra. The teachings are presented in the form of shloka, which are poetic verses composed in Sanskrit. Each shloka contains profound wisdom that is applicable to all aspects of life. In this context, a Bhagavad Gita shloka with meaning refers to the translation and explanation of one of the verses from this ancient text. The Bhagavad Gita Shlokas provide guidance and inspiration for those seeking a deeper understanding of spirituality, morality, and ethics.
I have provided the meaning of Bhagavad Gita Sholkas in the following
- “धर्मक्षेत्रे कुरुक्षेत्रे समवेता युयुत्सवः।” (dharma-kṣhetre kurukṣhetre samavetā yuyutsavaḥ) – “In the field of righteousness, at Kurukshetra, assembled together for the battle.”
Explanation of Bhagavad Gita Sholkas: The first verse of the Bhagavad Gita sets the stage for the conversation between Arjuna and Krishna, which takes place on the battlefield of Kurukshetra.
- “श्री भगवानुवाच।” (śhrī bhagavān uvācha) – “The Supreme Lord said:”
Explanation: Krishna is often referred to as the Supreme Lord in the Bhagavad Gita.
- “अशोच्यानन्वशोचस्त्वं प्रज्ञावादांश्च भाषसे।” (aśhocyān-anvaśhoca-stvaṁ prajñā-vādānśh-cha bhāṣhase) – “You grieve for those who should not be grieved for, and yet you speak words of wisdom.”
Explanation: Krishna is pointing out to Arjuna that he is grieving for people who are already dead and should not be grieved for, but at the same time, he is speaking wise words.
- “उद्धरेदात्मनात्मानं नात्मानमवसादयेत्।” (uddhared ātmanātmānaṁ nātmānam avasādayet) – “One should uplift oneself by one’s own efforts and should not degrade oneself.”
Explanation: Krishna is emphasizing the importance of self-effort and self-improvement. We should not let ourselves be pulled down by negative thoughts and actions.
- “कर्मण्येवाधिकारस्ते मा फलेषु कदाचन।” (karmaṇy-evādhikāraste mā phaleṣhu kadāchana) – “You have a right to perform your prescribed duty, but you are not entitled to the fruits of action.”
Explanation: This verse highlights the importance of performing one’s duty without being attached to the results. We should focus on doing our best, but not be overly concerned with the outcome.
- “योगस्थः कुरु कर्माणि सङ्गं त्यक्त्वा धनञ्जय।” (yogasthaḥ kuru karmāṇi saṅgaṁ tyaktvā dhanañjaya) – “Perform your duty equipoised, O Arjuna, abandoning all attachment to success or failure.”
Explanation: Krishna is advising Arjuna to perform his duties without being attached to the outcome, whether it leads to success or failure. He should remain in a state of equanimity or balance while performing his actions and should not let success or failure affect him.
- “श्रद्धावाननसूयश्च श्रृणुयादपि यो नरः।” (śhraddhāvān-anasūyaśh-cha śhrinuyād api yo naraḥ) – “The person who is full of faith and free from envy can hear about the Supreme Lord.”
Explanation: Krishna is saying that only a person who has faith and is free from envy can truly understand and comprehend the teachings of the Supreme Lord.
- “योगः कर्मसु कौशलं।” (yogaḥ karmasu kauśhalam) – “Skill in action is yoga.”
Explanation: This verse emphasizes the importance of skillful action or performing actions in a skillful and efficient manner. This is considered to be yoga, or the union of the individual self with the Supreme.
- “बन्धुरात्मात्मनस्तस्य येनात्मैवात्मना जितः।” (bandhur-ātmātmanas tasya yenātmāivātmanā jitaḥ) – “The Supreme Self is the friend of the self, and by the self alone is the self conquered.”
Explanation: This verse teaches us that the true friend of the self is the Supreme Self or the Supreme Being, and by conquering our own self through self-control and discipline, we can attain that Supreme Self.
- “ज्ञानं तेऽहं सविज्ञानमिदं वक्ष्याम्यशेषतः।” (jñānaṁ te’haṁ sa-vijñānam idaṁ vakṣhyāmyaśheṣhataḥ) – “I will explain to you in full knowledge both the phenomenal and the noumenal.”
Explanation: This verse refers to Krishna’s promise to Arjuna to provide him with both the theoretical and practical knowledge of the material and spiritual world.
- “दुःखेष्वनुद्विग्नमनाः सुखेषु विगतस्पृहः।” (duḥkheṣhv-anudvigna-manāḥ sukheṣhu vigata-spṛihaḥ) – “One whose mind remains undisturbed amidst misery, who does not crave for pleasure, and who is free from attachment, fear, and anger, is called a sage of steady mind.”
Explanation: This verse emphasizes the importance of having a steady mind, one that is not affected by external circumstances or emotions, and remains calm and composed in the face of adversity.
- “विद्याविनयसम्पन्ने ब्राह्मणे गवि हस्तिनि। शोचे जीवनि शुचि स्म यः पापः कर्म करोति सः।” (vidyā-vinaya-sampanne brāhmaṇe gavi hastini śhuni chaiva śhva-pāke cha paṇḍitāḥ sama-darśhinaḥ) – “The wise see with equal vision a learned and gentle brāhmaṇa, a cow, an elephant, a dog and a dog-eater.”
Explanation: This verse teaches us the importance of having equal vision towards all living beings, regardless of their social status, caste, or species. The wise person sees all living beings as equal and respects them with the same level of compassion and empathy.
- “यदा ते मोहकलिलं बुद्धिर्व्यतितरिष्यति। तदा गन्तासि निर्वेदं श्रोतव्यस्य श्रुतस्य च।” (yadā te moha-kalilaṁ buddhir vyatitariṣhyati tadā gantāsi nirvedaṁ śhrotavyasya śhrutasya cha) – “When your intellect crosses over the mire of delusion, then you will achieve indifference to what has been heard and what is yet to be heard.”
Explanation: This verse teaches us that when we overcome the ignorance and delusion that cloud our intellect, we will attain a state of indifference or detachment towards both our past and future experiences.
- “यत्रोपरमते चित्तं निरुद्धं योगसेवया। यत्र चैवात्मनात्मानं पश्यन्नात्मनि तुष्यति।” (yatra-uparamate chittaṁ niruddhaṁ yoga-sevayā yatra chaivātmanātmānaṁ paśhyann-ātmani tuṣhyati) – “The mind, disciplined by the practice of yoga, becomes restrained, and sees the Self in itself, and finds fulfillment in the Self.”
Explanation: This verse teaches us the importance of practicing yoga or the union of the individual self with the Supreme Self. By disciplining the mind through yoga, we can attain a state of contentment and fulfillment in the Self.
- “अध्येष्यते च य इमं धर्म्यं संवादमावयोः। ज्ञानयज्ञेन तेनाहमिष्टः स्यामिति मे मतिः।” (adhyeṣhyate cha ya imaṁ dharmyaṁ saṁvādam āvayoḥ jñāna-yajñena tenāham iṣhṭaḥ syām iti me matiḥ) – “And he who listens to this discourse of ours, with faith and free from malice, attains to the realm of the righteous, and enjoys eternal bliss.”
Explanation: This verse teaches us that by listening to the discourse of the Bhagavad Gita with faith and an open mind, one can attain the realm of the righteous and experience eternal happiness.
- “आयुर्वेद विद्या लोके जन्म च विद्या च ताप उत्सवः संग्रहः।” (āyur-veda vidyā loke janma cha vidyā cha tāpa utsvahaḥ saṁgrahaḥ) – “The knowledge of Ayurveda, the knowledge of the world, and knowledge of the Vedas, birth, and ceremonial observances constitute the aggregates of knowledge.”
Explanation: This verse teaches us the importance of different forms of knowledge in life, including the knowledge of Ayurveda, which is the traditional system of medicine in India, the knowledge of the world, the knowledge of the Vedas, and the knowledge of birth and ceremonial observances.
- “ब्रह्मार्पणं ब्रह्म हविः ब्रह्माग्नौ ब्रह्मणा हुतम्। ब्रह्मैव तेन गन्तव्यं ब्रह्मकर्मसमाधिना।” (brahmārpaṇaṁ brahma haviḥ brahmāgnau brahmaṇā hutam brahmaiva tena gantavyaṁ brahma-karma-samādhinā) – “The act of offering is Brahman, the oblation is Brahman, the fire is Brahman, and the one who offers the oblation is also Brahman. Thus, the person who performs all actions while being absorbed in Brahman attains Brahman.”
Explanation of Bhagavad Gita Sholkas: This verse teaches us the importance of performing all actions with the awareness of the ultimate reality, which is Brahman. By doing so, we can attain the ultimate goal of life, which is to merge with Brahman.
- “न तद्भासयते सूर्यो न शशाङ्को न पावकः। यद्गत्वा न निवर्तन्ते तद्धाम परमं मम।” (na tad bhāsayate sūryo na śhaśhāṅko na pāvakaḥ, yat gatvā na nivartante tad dhāma paramaṁ mama) – “That supreme abode of Mine is not illumined by the sun or moon, nor by electricity. One who reaches it never returns to this material world again.”
Explanationof Bhagavad Gita Sholkas: This verse speaks about the ultimate abode of God, which is beyond the material world and is not illuminated by the sun, moon or fire. This abode is eternal, and those who attain it never have to return to the material world again.
- “ज्ञानं तेऽहं सविज्ञानमिदं वक्ष्याम्यशेषतः। यज्ज्ञात्वा नेह भूयोऽन्यज्ज्ञातव्यमवशिष्यते।” (jñānaṁ te’haṁ sa-vijñānam idaṁ vakṣhyāmy aśheṣhataḥ, yaj jñātvā neha bhūyo’nyaj jñātavyam avaśhiṣhyate) – “I shall now declare to you in full this knowledge, along with its realization. Having known this, nothing further shall remain for you to know.”
Explanation: In this verse, Lord Krishna promises to impart the knowledge of the Bhagavad Gita to Arjuna completely and without any reservations. He assures Arjuna that once he has understood this knowledge, he will have no further doubts or questions and will attain complete realization.
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